Bunion and Tailors Bunion

Understanding and Treating Bunions

Hallux valgus, commonly known as a bunion, is a painful deformity of the great toe joint affecting the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. This condition results in an angular deformity of the first metatarsal bone, creating a prominent bump on the inside or top of the foot. A similar deformity, known as Tailor’s bunion, occurs on the small toe or the outside of the foot, presenting comparable discomfort.

Causes of Bunions

Bunions primarily stem from a congenital predisposition, with a notable prevalence ratio of 9:1 in females compared to males. The inheritance pattern focuses not directly on the bunion itself but rather on the type of foot deformity that leads to the bunion. Several factors contribute to the development of hallux valgus, including flatfoot deformity, hypermobility of the first ray, equinus contracture, and hindfoot deformity due to conditions like rheumatoid arthritis or posterior tibial tendon dysfunction.

Identifying Symptoms

The pain associated with hallux valgus can originate from several areas:

  • Medial eminence of the bunion, known as bump pain.
  • MTP joint pain manifests as burning or numbness from stiffness.
  • Lesser metatarsal pain arises when the great toe joint fails to assist in propulsion.
  • Sesamoid bone pain due to malalignment. Pain from Tailor’s bunion primarily occurs as bump pain exacerbated by shoe wear during walking.

Diagnostic Approach

Diagnosis involves a detailed history and physical examination focused on your symptoms, complemented by a biomechanical gait analysis conducted by a foot and ankle surgeon. Imaging studies may also be employed to assess the condition’s severity further.

Treatment Pathways

Conservative Management

  • Custom Orthotic Devices: Tailored to provide relief and correct the underlying foot deformity.
  • Activity Modifications: Recommendations to adjust activities that exacerbate bunion pain.

Surgical Solutions

When conservative measures fail to alleviate long-term pain or the bunion significantly impacts daily activities, surgical intervention may be considered. A variety of surgical procedures are available to address the specific characteristics of your bunion or Tailor’s bunion deformity. Together with your foot and ankle surgeon, the most appropriate surgical option will be determined to best suit your needs.

Step Towards Relief with Austin Foot & Ankle Center

At Austin Foot & Ankle Center, our expert team is dedicated to providing comprehensive care for bunion-related conditions. From initial consultation through diagnosis and treatment, we’re here to offer the support and expertise needed to guide you back to comfort and mobility.

Don’t let bunions disrupt your life. Contact Austin Foot & Ankle Center today to explore your treatment options and take the first step towards bunion relief. Whether through customized orthotics, lifestyle adjustments, or surgical intervention, we’re committed to finding the best solution for you.

Office Hours

7:00 AM - 4:00 PM Mon & Wed
8:00 AM - 5:00 PM Tue & Thu
7:00 AM - 2:30 PM Friday
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Austin Foot & Ankle Center
9012 Research Boulevard #C-13
Austin, TX 78758

(512) 450-0101

Austin Foot & Ankle Center – South
5920 W William Cannon Dr. Bld 6
Suite 140, Austin, TX 78749

(512) 336-8909

The Domain Area Location
11824 Jollyville Rd Ste 101
Austin, TX 78759

(512) 335-1800

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